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Three new innovations which has revolutionized the advancement of "Water to Wire" technologies

 The world’s first hydroelectric power plant illuminated the house of H.J. Roger and a nearby building on Sept. 30, 1882. Today more than 2,000 hydropower plants generate clean, reliable energy across America. This was possible due to the frequent innovations that were observed in this field of technology.

"But for water power to realize its full potential, innovative technologies are needed to meet new challenges and harness new resource types, from streams to the ocean"(OEERE) and many other such novel technologies which will enable the concept of Water To Wire Technology. Below are the three promising water power technologies under research now: 

Helicoid Penstocks

"The spiral-shaped design of human blood vessels to create a similarly shaped penstock pipe."(HSW)

The helicoid penstock is similar to a rifle barrel through which water flows and the penstock began to spin. The spiraling pipe provides additional energy and injects the water directly into the turbine to improve the performance.

In-conduit hydropower


Water conduits have a noticeable potential to recapture energy with the help of small hydropower (less than 1 MW) technologies that can be used to harness the power potential, which can substantially reduce grid electricity consumption and/or provide renewable energy to water agencies. 

There are 16 new such technologies that were explored by Sari et.al.(2018) to analyze the potential of in-conduit hydropower generation.

Underwater pumped hydro energy storage

The underwater pumped hydro energy storage (UPHES) is a novel system in which the
upper reservoir is the sea itself and the lower reservoir is a hollow deposit (or a set of) located at the seabed. The seawater entering the deposit drives a turbine and generates electricity. The concept was devised with the aim to enlarge the number of potential locations for Pumped Storage Power Plant. (Kougias et.al.,2019)

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